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Table 10: Costs and Returns for Fresh Market Apples, Per Acre

Light Fruit Bearing Years, 4-7, Conventional Production Practices,
Northeastern United States, 1996

ITEM UNIT PRICE QUANTITY TOTAL
         
Receipts        
Apples lb $ 0.22 9150 $ 2,013.00
         
Variable Costs        
Fertilizera        
N (Yr 7) lb $ 0.32 142.8 $ 45.70
P (Yr 7) lb $ 0.32 95.2 $ 30.46
K (Yr 7) lb $ 0.14 95.2 $ 13.33
Calcium Chloride lb $ 0.29 10 $ 2.90
Herbicides        
Surflan AS gal $ 67.04 0.75 $ 50.28
Karmex 80DF lb $ 4.36 1.5 $ 6.54
Sinbar 80W lb $ 24.65 1.5 $ 36.98
Gramaxone Extra gal $ 34.50 0.1 $ 3.45
Fungicides        
Captan 50W lb $ 2.75 24 $ 66.00
Dithane/Manzate lb $ 3.05 18 $ 54.90
Nova lb $ 62.00 0.31 $ 19.37
Rubigan qt $ 67.22 0.38 $ 3.15
Benlate lb $ 15.80 0.75 $ 11.85
Ziram 76W lb $ 2.50 6 $ 15.00
Insecticides        
Guthion 50W lb $ 8.10 1.5 $ 12.15
Imidan 70W lb $ 6.05 1.5 $ 9.08
Lorsban 50W lb $ 6.85 1.5 $ 10.28
Superior Oil gal $ 3.30 4 $ 13.20
Kelthane lb $ 10.40 2 $ 20.80
Lannate LV gal $ 46.30 0.2 $ 9.26
Labor        
Operator hr $ 14.48 4.75 $ 68.78
Thinning hr $ 7.24 0.5 $ 3.62
Pruning tree $ 1.00 272 $ 272.00
Harvesting bushel $ 1.30 218 $ 283.40
Irrigation        
Operating Costs acre $ 250.00   $ 250.00
Diesel Fuel        
Tractors gal $ 0.969 17.71 $ 17.16
Repair & Maintenance        
Tractors acre $ 8.34 1 $ 8.34
Equipment acre $ 7.20 1 $ 7.20
Other        
Bee Rental hive $ 25.00 1 $ 25.00
Fruitone N lb $ 24.95 1 $ 24.95
Marketing Costs        
Field Bins bin $ 4.75 2 $ 9.50
Cool Storage bu $ 0.25   $ 54.50
Sales Commission gross revenue 6%   $ 120.78
Sub-Total       $ 1,579.91
Interest on Operating Capitalb acre 10% 1 $ 35.12
Total Variable Costs acre   1 $ 1,615.03
Returns Above Variable Costs acre   1 $ 397.97
Fixed Costs        
Tractors acre $ 23.00 1 $ 23.00
Implements acre $ 10.00 1 $ 10.00
Land Charge acre $ 100.00 1 $ 100.00
Pre-Production Cost Allocationc acre $ 868.44 1 $ 868.44
Total Fixed Costs acre   1 $ 1,001.44
Total Fixed & Variable Costs acre   1 $ 2,616.47
Management Feesb acre 7% 1 $ 176.15
Total Costs acre   1 $ 2,792.62
Net Returns acre   1 $ (779.62)

a N @ .75 lbs, P & K @ .05 lbs per tree for 272 trees, per year of tree age.
b See text for calculation assumptions.
c See Appendix Table A1.

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