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Table 16: Costs and Returns for Fresh Market Peaches, Per Acre

Mature Trees, Years 8-20, Conventional Production Practices,
Northeastern United States, 1996

ITEM UNIT PRICE QUANTITY TOTAL
         
Receipts        
Peaches lbs $ 0.437 6480 $ 2,831.80
         
Variable Costs        
Custom        
Apply Calcium Fertilizer ton $ 27.65 0.5 $ 13.63
Fertilizer        
N lb $ 0.32 85 $ 27.20
P lb $ 0.32 56 $ 17.92
K lb $ 0.14 56 $ 7.90
Herbicides        
Surflan AS gal $ 67.04 0.75 $ 50.28
Karmex 80DF lb $ 4.36 1.5 $ 6.54
Sinbar 80W lb $ 24.65 1.5 $ 36.98
Gramaxone Extra gal $ 34.50 1 $ 8.63
Fungicides        
90% Sulphur lb $ 0.32 50 $ 16.00
Bravo 720 gal $ 51.80 0.5 $ 25.90
Captan 50 W lb $ 2.75 12 $ 33.00
Orbit 41.8L qt $ 120.00 0.06 $ 30.00
Topsin-M 85WDG lb $ 17.50 1.5 $ 26.25
Indar oz $ 7.75 1 $ 7.75
Benlate 50W lb $ 15.80 1 $ 15.80
Insecticides        
Guthion 50W lb $ 8.10 4 $ 32.40
Imidan 70W lb $ 6.05 4 $ 24.20
Lannate LV pt $ 5.79 4.5 $ 26.06
Lorsban 4E gal $ 48.70 0.38 $ 18.26
Sevin 50W lb $ 3.15 3 $ 9.45
Asana XL gal $ 132.00 0.06 $ 8.25
Labor        
Operator hr $ 14.48 5.72 $ 82.83
Thinning hr $ 7.24 0.5 $ 3.62
Pruning tree $ 1.00 141 $ 141.00
Harvesting bushel $ 1.50 170 $ 255.00
Irrigation        
Operating Costs acre $ 250.00 1 $ 250.00
Diesel Fuel        
Tractors gallon $ 0.969 13.19 $ 12.78
(Continued on next page)        
Repair & Maintenance        
Tractors acre $ 7.00 1 $ 7.00
Equipment acre $ 6.90 1 $ 6.90
Other        
Bee Rental hive $ 25.00 1 $ 25.00
Marketing Costs        
Picking Boxes box $ 1.50 170 $ 255.00
Packaging   $ 2.00 170 $ 340.00
Cool Storage bushel $ 0.37 170 $ 62.90
Selling Charge gross receipts 6%   $ 169.86
Sub-Total       $ 2,054.29
Interest on Operating Capitala acre 10% 1 $ 35.75
Total Variable Costs acre   1 $ 2,090.04
Returns Above Variable Costs acre   1 $ 741.76
Fixed Costs        
Tractors acre $ 14.15 1 $ 14.15
Implements acre $ 12.40 1 $ 12.40
Land Charge acre $ 100.00 1 $ 100.00
Preproduction Cost Allocationb acre $ 753.00 1 $ 753.00
Total Fixed Costs acre   1 $ 879.55
Total Fixed & Variable Costs acre   1 $ 2,969.59
Management Feesa acre 7% 1 $ 159.22
Total Costs acre   1 $ 3,128.81
Net Returns acre   1 $ (297.01)

aSee text for calculation assumptions.
bSee Appendix Table A2.

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